Forest fires destroy trees and shrubs, harvested wood in the forest. As a result of fires, the protective, water-protective and other useful properties of the forest are reduced, the fauna, structures, and in some cases settlements are destroyed. In addition, forest fire is a serious danger to people and farm animals. Professionals can predict if there is a wildfire in the nearest future using special forecasting and methods of evaluation of the critical condition that may lead to the wildfire. Find out more about the methods used to make prognoses about the devastating forest fires.
How is it possible to know about the wildfire probability beforehand?
The methods used to estimate the likelihood of the occurrence of landscape burning allow us to roughly determine the area and perimeter of the ignition separately for each region. For the initial data, the values of the forest fire factor and the approximate speed of the flame advance are taken.
For people caught in the forest fire zone, the danger is associated with both direct exposure to the flame and possible poisoning by carbon monoxide and other harmful components produced during combustion. Do not forget that one of the factors leading to the forest fire is the careless handling of fire.
Stages of the fire liquidation
Detection of fires occurs when patrolling the forest by land and air transport. And the methods of extinguishing these fires depend on the fire class. But in the fight against forest fires, there are several main stages:
- Exploration of forest burning: There is setting the boundaries of the fire, its type and speed of advance. Based on the data obtained, an indicative plan for extinguishing the flame is compiled;
- Zone localization: This is the main and most time consuming process, which consists in stopping the progress of fire with the help of patrolling ditches;
- Complete elimination of all residual foci: Continuous traversing of the burned area in order to prevent re-ignition. At the first stage, the spread of the fire is stopped by directly affecting its burning edge. At the second stage, the construction of barrier strips and ditches is carried out.
Measures to prevent the spread of forest fires include the implementation of a number of silvicultural measures as well as special measures to create a system of fire barriers in the forest and the construction of various fire-fighting facilities.